Gujarat Bhawan
Gujarat Bhawan

About Gujarat

Gujarat at a Glance

With the Arabian Sea running across its long periphery of nearly 1,600 km, Gujarat is a stunning mosaic of forests, beaches, hillsides, salt marshes and desert sands. It is where its every corner reverberates with an intensely colourful and vibrant culture. The State has a history that goes back 5,000 years. It is the land of the Mahatma. It is the world's only abode to the majestic Asiatic Lion. Gujarat is where the people embrace the modern and the traditional with equal gusto. It is a place where business, enterprise, festivities and hospitality are a way of life. It is where life is a celebration.

Quick Facts


The State of Gujarat was created on May 1, 1960 out of 17 northern districts of the former state of Bombay. Gujarat is situated on the west coast of India between 20-6' N to 24-42' N north latitude and 68-10'E to 74-28'E east longitude. It covers geographical area of 1.96 lakh sq.kms and accounts for 6.19% of India's total area. It has the country's longest coastline on the mainland, stretching to 1,659 km. It is bounded by the Arabian Sea in the West, by the States of Rajasthan in the North and North-East, by Madhya Pradesh in the East and by Maharashtra in the South and South East. Gujarat also shares an international boundary with Pakistan on its north-western fringe. The capital of Gujarat is Gandhinagar.


The total population Gujarat is about 6.03 crore as per data of Census 2011. Nearly 42.6% of the population is urban while 57.4% is rural. Ahmedabad is the most populated district in the State, with 74 lakh people, followed by Surat, as per Gujarat's Directorate of Census Operations.

Districts, Cities, Towns and Villages

For the purpose of administration, Gujarat comprises of 33 districts that are further sub-divided into 249 talukas. The State has 17843 inhabited villages and 348 towns. Kachchh, located on the western-most tip, is the largest district in India. Major cities include Ahmedabad, Surat, Vadodara, Rajkot, Bhavnagar, Jamnagar and Junagadh.


Gujarati is the official and primary language of the State.


Several rich ecosystems flourish with nearly 2,700 animal species and 4,300 plant species. Forest area of the state is 21664.99 of which 14837.6 area is reserved forest, 2888.85 is protected forest and 4388.98 area is un-classed forest. This constitutes 11.05% of the geographical area of the state. The major rivers in the State include Narmada, Tapi, Mahi and Sabarmati. Gujarat has 23 wildlife sanctuaries, four National Parks and 1 conservation reserve.


Gujarat has distinct climatic conditions with mild and pleasant winters, hot and dry summers and heavy monsoons.


Current literacy rate is 79.31% of which male literacy is 87.23% while female literacy is 70.73%.

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